Military Justice Improvement Act of 2013

S.538 H.R.2016

Military Justice Improvement Act of 2013 – Amends the Uniform Code of Military Justice  to require the Secretaries of the military departments to provide for the determination of whether to try  charges for alleged offences that would be tried under a court-martial with a maximum sentence of more than one year.

Requires a commanding officer who receives a report of a sexual-related offense involving a member in her/his chain of command to act  immediately by way of referral to the appropriate criminal investigative office or service.

 This act  revises the list of officers authorized to convene general and special courts-martial to include those in grade O-6 or higher assigned such responsibility by their department chief of staff (with the prohibition against an officer in the same chain of command as the accused). Requires each chief of staff to establish an office which shall convene general and special courts-martial and detail judges and members.

Requires a military judge to call a general or special court-martial trial into session within 90 days of the determination of its necessity.

Requires a convening authority (the official acting on the sentence of a court-martial), when taking any action other than approving a sentence, to prepare a written justification of such action which shall be made part of the record of the court-martial. Prohibits a convening authority from: (1) dismissing or setting aside a finding of guilty, or (2) reducing a finding of guilty to a finding of guilty to a lesser included offense.



Status Update

Referred to the Committee on Armed Services


Status Update